, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


forced deportation

what happens to asylum seekers, whose asylum requests in Europe/in the US/ in … were denied?

what happens to those  deported back to Iran?

is there any documentation about their fates?

there is only little info available –  further info is greatly appreciated –

please email me !

Jan 2012 – by Ireland: Refugee Documentation Centre  – on  UNHCR | refworld
-Iran: Treatment of returned failed asylum seekers in Iran

“”In May 2011 Amnesty International notes:
“In February 2011, Rahim Rostami, a 19-year-old member of Iran’s Kurdish minority, who had arrived in Norway as an unaccompanied minor, and whose asylum claim had been rejected by the Norwegian authorities, was forcibly returned by Norway to Iran where he was reportedly arrested. He is believed to still be detained, with bail reportedly having been denied. On 17 February 2011, an article written by a former Supreme Court judge appeared in Iran newspaper, a daily paper published by the Iranian government. Referring to existing laws that enable Iran’s judiciary to bring charges against Iranians for alleged violations of Iranian law committed while outside Iran, the article stated that failed asylum-seekers could be prosecuted for making up accounts of alleged persecution. On 26 April 2011, Kayhan newspaper, which is controlled by the Office of the Supreme Leader, also reported that Iranians are seeking asylum ‘on the pretext of supporting the opposition’. “ (Amnesty International (6 May 2011) Student Activists Held In Iran)
A document in March 2011 released by Iran Human Rights states:
“According to reports that reliable sources have given to Iran Human Rights (IHR), a Kurdish asylum seeker who was extradited from Norway to Iran on February 9th 2011, is in danger of torture and ill-treatment at Tehran’s Evin prison.” (Iran Human Rights (23 March 2011) A Kurdish asylum seeker extradited from Norway to Iran is in danger of torture and ill-treatment at Tehran’s Evin prison)
In May 2011 an article in The Guardian states:
“Six Iranians who have been on hunger strike for 32 days in protest at plans to send them back to Tehran have held a demonstration outside the Home Office amid growing concern over their health.” (The Guardian (6 May 2011) Iranians on hunger strike protest against deportation)
This article also notes:
“The group’s new lawyer, Hani Zubeidi, said their plight had been reported in several countries since the Guardian ran the story – including Iran. ‘They would be in very real danger if they were return now simply because they have been featured critizising the regime even without the fact that they were involved in the anti-regime protests and were tortured.’ “ (ibid)
A report issued in August 2011 by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty notes that:
“The number of Iranians seeking asylum in European countries has risen steadily over the past two years, RFE/RL’s Radio Farda reports.” (Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty (18 August 2011) Number Of Iranians Applying For Asylum In Europe Rises) No further information on this issue could be found among sources consulted by the RDC within time constraints.


from  the Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship from July 2011

“”Treatment of returned failed asylum seekers

The US State Department reported in 2008 that “[c]itizens returning from abroad occasionally were subjected to searches and extensive questioning by government authorities for evidence of anti-government activities abroad.”
Several sources interviewed by the Danish fact finding mission in 2008 indicated that persons arriving in Iran on a travel document issued by an Iranian embassy, especially those who left Iran illegally, may be questioned on arrival.
In August 2008, in response to a question posed by the Belgian government on the treatment of returned failed asylum seekers to Iran, eight Western countries (Canada, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland) indicated that they had no information “on problems of persecution for returned failed asylum seekers in Iran since 2006”.
Conversely, Western media and NGOs have reported several incidents of mistreatment and detention of returned failed asylum seekers. Some of these reports suggest that returned asylum seekers detained by the Iranian authorities had ‘anti-government’ profiles, such as being a student activist or perceived Arab political activist, or drew attention to their bid for asylum abroad.
According to Dr David Corlett (formerly of La Trobe University) in 2005, the experiences of returnees to Iran varied, with some not being “particularly targeted on arrival”, while others were detained and interrogated. Dr Corlett, who interviewed ten repatriated failed asylum seekers in Iran, also stated that one of the returnees was detained and tortured, but that it was unclear as to why this person was targeted.
On 17 February 2011, in an article published by Iran Newspaper, a retired Iranian Supreme Court judge suggested that returned failed asylum seekers could be prosecuted for creating accounts of alleged persecution in Iran.

On 23 March 2011, Iran Human Rights website, maintained by Iranian human rights activists, reported that a Kurdish failed asylum seeker, Rahim Rostami, was imprisoned after being returned to Iran. The report said that it was not clear what charges were raised against Rostami.  According to a Norwegian NGO PeoplePeace, Rostami appeared in a documentary on Norwegian television.
On 6 May 2011, Amnesty International reported that student activist Arash  Fakhravan “was reportedly arrested on arrival in Tehran after returning from France where he was an asylum seeker.” Mr. Fakhravan was previously arrested for his participation in December 2009 protests and charged by the Iranian authorities with “insulting the Supreme Leader and taking part in riots and unrest”. “”

from page 40 ff in  Australian Country Guidance note from 2011 July by  Department of Immigration and Citizenship


via Iranian Refugees Action Network:
It is very difficult to trace people after they are forced back to Iran. In our experience, over 90% have their European Court appeals granted, but this is only if they have enough money to do so. The most recent case is the one where the 5 Ahvazis were refugees in Iraq, but the Iraq authorities co-operated with the Iranian regime and they are now facing death sentences for their political opposition … [ Iran must immediately revoke the death sentences of prisoners of conscience]

thanks to Irani Sharon and Joanne M.


useful sources:

The Refugee Law Reader, a comprehensive on-line model curriculum for the study of the complex and rapidly evolving field of international asylum and refugee law issued by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee


Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The information has been carefully selected and compiled from UNHCR‘s global network of field offices, Governments, international, regional and non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and judicial bodies.


database of the UNHCR


to search files on the homepage of the OHCHR
UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights # UN Human Rights



FMO is designed for use by students, academics, practitioners, policy makers, the media, forced migrants or anyone else interested in the field of forced migration. By bringing together these useful and time-saving resources, we aim to support research and policy making in the field.

FMO is based in Oxford/UK, runs the Forced Migration Discussion List

Launching the Post-Deportation Monitoring Network

A new initiative has been launched to track what happens to failed asylum seekers after they have been deported. It aims to provide channels of support for deportees when they arrive in their countries of origin and build a body of evidence to inform policy in countries that deport failed asylum seekers. The project will be hosted by Fahamu Refugee Programme and aims to establish a network of NGOs and individuals identified via the website, who will serve as points of contact to link with counterparts in countries of origin.