please support Iranian Refugee Amnesty Network (IRAN) – their work is essential and so much needed !!!
May 2014 – please sign: Petition to President of the European Parliament:
In April 2013, Turkey promulgated its Law on Foreigners and International Protection. While maintaining the geographical limitation to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, the law provides a comprehensive framework for protecting and assisting all asylum-seekers and refugees, regardless of their country of origin, in line with international standards. A newly established Directorate General for Migration Management will be fully operational by April 2014.
In 2014, UNHCR will continue to cooperate with the national authorities to ensure that refugees and asylum-seekers in Turkey have access to asylum procedures and services, and to identify durable solutions.
11.05.2014 – ffm online: Türkei: Hungerstreik afghanischer Flüchtlinge vor UNHCR
28 April 2014 – I.R.A.N.:
25 April 2014 – globalpost: Turkey’s role as refugee host under pressure as requests for asylum increase
” . .Today, close to 72,000 cases are still being processed; with more asylum seekers entering Turkey every day, the system is under increasing strain. It can now take years to complete the process of status determination, leaving many asylum seekers and their families in limbo. ..”
7 June 2013 – euronews: Iranian voices from Turkey
” .. Life is not always easy here for refugees who do not have the right to work, however they say their only choice is to stay and try to get asylum status ..”
12 April 2013 – reuters: Turkey has new law on asylum, but sets limits for non-Europeans
” .. Rights groups have criticized the limitation because it leaves non-European refugees in a legal limbo while they wait to be settled in a third country by the UNHCR, which can often take many years... ”
14 December 2012- Human Rights Watch: Iran: Activists Fleeing Assault on Civil Society
Steady Stream Seeking Refuge Abroad – ” .. The 60-page report, “Why they Left: Stories of Iranian Activists in Exile,” documents the experiences of dozens of rights defenders, journalists, bloggers, and lawyers whom security and intelligence forces targeted because they spoke out against the government. Some who took part in anti-government protests after the 2009 election had never been politically active before, but suddenly found themselves in the crosshairs of security and intelligence forces. .. “
24 June 2012 – today’s zaman: Iranian refugees tell story of escape from repression they face in Iran
23 March 2011 – tehranbureau: Running to Stand Still: The Long Wait for Iran’s Refugee Journalists
Refugees in Turkey struggle problems such as lack of work permission and insurance, costly life and also long period of the process of their UNHCR cases. But , it seems refugees in Kayseri face more problems.
Kayseri is populated with natives mostly religious Muslims and most of the Iranian refugees there are non-Muslim such as Bahai’s, Christians and also Atheists. This heterogeneous composition, makes problems for refugees.
According to Kaveh Taheri, one of the refugees in Kayseri, since while ago, the clashes with the Iranian people have intensified. In the last clash on 13 April, some Turkish citizens got involved with two Iranian refugees that led to mass conflict and a number of Iranians were injured. Kaveh Taheri says the attackers only asked about their nationality, when they found we are Iranians they began to beat.
On 15th April, these refugees went to protest to UNHCR office in Ankara, but when they did not receive proper response, they began refuge protesting in front of the office.
Their demands include work permit, removing the ban of travelling across the country, receiving financial help and accelerating in refugee process. Some Afghan refugees are also joined them.
thanks @Mustafa Rahmani for English summary
Deutsche Welle persian: 15 April 2014
به دنبال درگیری میان چند ایرانی و ترک در شهر کایسری ترکیه که منجر به زخمی شدن چند نفر از ایرانیان شد، پناهجویان ایرانی برای اعتراض مقابل دفتر پناهندگان سازمان ملل در آنکارا تجمع کردند.
ناهجویان مقیم ترکیه با مشکلاتی نظیر نداشتن اجازه کار، نداشتن هیچگونه بیمه و هزینه زندگی و نیز طولانی شدن روند پناهندگیشان درگیرند. پناهجویان ساکن کایسری اما ظاهرا شرایط بدتری دارند.
شهر کایسری با نام قدیم “قیصریه”، با جمعیتی حدود یک میلیون و ۳۰۰ هزار نفر در ۳۰۰ کیلومتری جنوب شرقی آنکارا واقع شده است. حدود ۵ هزار نفر پناهجو و پناهنده در این شهر زندگی میکنند که سه هزار نفر از آنان ایرانی هستند. کایسری شهری مذهبی است و ساکنان آن مسلمان هستند. چند سالی است که این شهر تبدیل به یکی از مراکز زندگی موقت پناهجویان ایرانی شده است.
اکثر ایرانیانی که در این شهر به عنوان پناهجو ساکناند، دلایل پناهندگیشان یا مربوط به مذهبشان بوده مثل بهاییان و نوکیشان مسیحی، و یا همجنسگرا هستند. تعداد دیگری نیز دلایل عقیدتی از جمله خداناباور بودن را به عنوان دلیل پناهندگیشان ذکر کردهاند.
این ترکیب ناهمگون با مسلمانان اکثرا معتقد این شهر، مشکلاتی را برای پناهجویان به وجود آورده است. به گفته کاوه طاهری، یکی از پناهجویان ساکن کایسری، مدتی است که درگیری میان اهالی این شهر با ایرانیان شدت گرفته است. آخرین مورد خبری بود که بر اساس آن یکشنبه شب (۲۴ فروردین/۱۳ آوریل) چند شهروند کایسری با دو پناهجوی ایرانی درگیر شدهاند. این درگیری منجر به نزاعی دستهجمعی شده و در اثر آن تعدادی از ایرانیان زخمی شدهاند.
کاوه طاهری میگوید حمله کنندگان تنها ملیت آنها را پرسیدهاند و وقتی فهمیدهاند که ایرانی هستند به آنان حملهور شدهاند. بابک اجلالی یکی دیگر از زخمیشدگان اما میگوید تنها به دلیل دفاع از دوستش که مورد حمله قرار گرفته بوده با شهروندان ترک درگیر شده و بیشتر از طرف نیروهای پلیس مورد ضرب و جرح قرار گرفته است.
آقای اجلالی در عین حال از برخورد خوب پلیس کایسری بعد از اعلام شکایت او قدردانی میکند اما در عین حال تاکید میکند که فضای حاکم بر کایسری، برای ایرانیان فضای دوستانهای نیست.
تحصن مقابل دفتر کمیساریای پناهندگان
روز سهشنبه (۲۶ فروردین/۱۵ آوریل) پناهجویان ایرانی که مورد ضرب و شتم واقع شده بودند، برای اعتراض به دفتر کمیساریای پناهندگان سازمان ملل در آنکارا رفتند. آقای طاهری به دویچهوله گفت که تا بعدازظهر منتظر بودهاند که پاسخی درخور از مسئولان دفتر پناهندگی سازمان ملل دریافت کنند اما چون پاسخی نگرفتهاند دست به تحصن زدهاند.
خواستهای تحصنکنندگان داشتن اجازه کار، رفع ممنوعیت رفت و آمد به شهرهای دیگر، گرفتن کمک هزینه تا زمان قبولی پناهندگی و نیز تسریع در روند پناهندگی است. شماری از پناهجویان افغان نیز به این تحصن پیوستهاند.
کاوه طاهری میگوید علاوه بر مشکلات اقامتی و کاری، مردم کایسری نیز با پناهجویان رفتار مهربانانهای ندارند. او میگوید اجاره خانهای که برای شهروندان ترک ماهیانه ۲۰۰ تا ۲۵۰ لیر ترکیه است، برای پناهجویان بین ۳۰۰ تا ۵۰۰ لیر تعیین میشود.
مزد پناهجویان نیز به نسبت کسانی که اجازه کار دارند بسیار پایینتر است. برای کاری که مزد روزانه آن ۵۰ تا ۶۰ لیر ترکیه است، یک پناهجو تنها ۲۰ تا ۳۰ لیر دریافت میکند و تازه اگر پلیس مطلع شود باید جریمه هم پرداخت کند.
پناهجویان کایسری کارهایی مانند ظرفشویی، گونیبافی و سنگبری انجام میدهند و گاه مجبورند برای تامین هزینههایشان روزانه بین ۱۰ تا ۱۲ ساعت کار کنند. به گفته کاوه طاهری زنان پناهجو در محیطهای کاری اغلب مورد آزار جنسی و درخواست برای رابطه جنسی قرار میگیرند.
همه شهروندان ترکیه مثل هم نیستند
“سورنا هاشمی” فعال دانشجویی دانشگاه زنجان و یکی از کسانی که ماجرای فساد اخلاقی رئیس این دانشگاه را بر ملا کرد و به همین دلیل نیز به زندان رفت و از دانشگاه اخراج شد، بیش از دو سال است که در ترکیه به سر میبرد. او که در حال حاضر در شهر “بنیزی” در جنوب غربی ترکیه اقامت دارد، میگوید در این دو سال در شهرهای زیادی ساکن بوده از جمله اسکیشهیر و کوتاهیه.
آقای هاشمی به دویچهوله میگوید که در این دوسال نه رفتار ضد ایرانی از مردم ترکیه دیده و نه از پلیس این کشور مشاهده کرده است. وی اما تاکید میکند که اوضاع در شهرهای کوچک به خوبی و آرامی شهرهای بزرگ نیست.
سورنا هاشمی میگوید رفتاری که در این دوسال از پلیس ترکیه دیده به مراتب از رفتار نیروهای انتظامی ایران بهتر بوده است. به گفته این فعال دانشجویی، قوانین پلیس ترکیه در مواردی مثل نزاعهای گروهی بسیار سختگیرانه است و مقصر چه ترک باشد چه خارجی به شدت مجازات میشود.
آقای هاشمی میگوید به تازگی دولت ترکیه قانونی را تصویب کرده که بر اساس آن پناهجویان هم بیمه میشوند؛ البته بیمهای پایهای و ناکامل اما همین بیمه میتواند بسیاری از هزینههای آنها را کاهش دهد.
به گفته او گرفتن اجازه کار برای پناهجویان هم نه از طریق سازمان ملل بلکه از طریق دولت ترکیه در مواردی استثنایی و با شرایطی سخت امکانپذیر است.
15 April 2014 by deutsche welle :
by Radio Shahrvand :
pictures by Meisam Roodaki:
we won’t give up our demands…
The second day of refuge in Ankara (16-April-2014):
We had discussion with UNHCR delegates more than 1.5 minutes. We expressed our demands and reminded them Geneva Convention for refugees. But they didn’t pay attention to our demands and our basic rights.
Then, they give us a deadline to leave the place in 15 minutes, and said we’ll call alien police to arrest you.
After few hours, aliens police show in front of UNHCR office, and threatened us to arrest. We said them we are under the support of UNHCR and you can do what you want in front of the cameras.
When we were talking with their superior, some of them hooked up 5 Afghan refugees and beat one of them.
As we said previously, we won’t give up!!!
We stay here for our demands. We want UNHCR to transfer us to the third countries. We want them to consider and follow to the other Refugees situation as soon as possible.
17 April 2014 via Facebook
Good news — Quoted from Kaveh Taheri by مبارز نستوه
Ankara’s General Directorate of Security (Turkish: Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü, EGM) accepted the demands of sit-in protesting refugees in front of UNHCR.
Prominent Iranian human rights activist and journalist, Kouhyar goudarzi, now living as a refugee in Turkey, facing a 5 year imprisonment sentence, fled Iran in March of 2013 after he was released on furlough from prison.
Kouhyar Goudarzi was first arrested in March of 2006 during a peaceful rally on International Women’s Day. He was arrested again in May 2006 on International Worker’s Day while attending a meeting at the Tehran Bus Company rally.
Subsequently Goudarzi was arrested twice in 2009 after the disputed presidential election and sentenced to one year imprisonment. He was kept in solitary confinement for 10 months and was later released on December 14, 2010 after completing his one year sentence.
Goudarzi was once again arrested in July 2011 in a raid of his home. For three months the authorities refused to acknowledge the arrest of Kouhyar, and his whereabouts remained unknown.
On April 12, 2012…
View original post 1,138 more words
DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
laying down standards for the reception of asylum seekers
Click on the flag of a country to access a national report, videos, latest news on asylum and the comparator, allowing you to compare key indicators between countries covered by the AIDA database containing the sections:
Alireza Firouzi, Behrooz Samad Beigi, Ehsanollah Mehrab, Farhad Nouri Koochi, Hamid Mafi, human rights, human rights activist, iran, journalist, Maryam Akbar, Mehdi Tajik Ghashghaei, mohammad mostafaei, refugee, refugees, turkey, un, unhcr
re-blogged from Mohammad Mostafaei – 07 June 2012
Mohammad Mostafaei is a prominent human rights lawyer, noted for his representation of juveniles facing the death penalty (see separate EA feature) and for clients like Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, a woman facing execution for adultery. He was forced to flee Iran in August 2010 and currently lives in Norway.
In an open letter posted this week, Mostafaei appeals to the UN to help Iranian journalists who are now refugees in Turkey:
Respected United Nations General Secretary, UN High Commissionaire for Refugees and Respected Foreign Ministers of Countries who Support Human Rights:
Iranian journalists are amongst those who have become victims of human rights abuse, as a result of their work in promoting human rights in Iran, and have been oppressed by Iran’s security agents and judiciary. These journalists, with their writing and ideas for peace, have become targets for human rights abusers.
In recent years, there have been very disturbing stories on the status of independent media and journalists, which require urgent attention. The International Federation of Journalists and other human rights organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, have described the situation of journalists in Iran to be worrying and complicated. They have stated that the intimidation of journalists in recent years is worse than ever. Reporters Without Borders has said Iran continues to have the largest number of journalists in prison.
The increasing pressure on journalists by the security agents follows no laws and rules and this has forced many of them to leave their motherland, against their will, to seek refuge in neighboring countries and to ask for asylum from the UN High Commission for Refugees. Many are currently incarcerated, and those seeking asylum face heavy sentences if they return to Iran. Iranian security agents have threatened them on numerous occasions and caused them anxiety.
Lack of security in Turkey has caused me to write this letter to you, so that Iranian journalists and human rights activists who are residing in Turkey can be helped by whatever means possible and transferred to safer countries.
If we can support human rights, then we must support human rights activists too, who truly have paid the price for their beliefs with their lives and freedoms to make the voices of the victims of human rights abuse heard.
It is very sad that the renowned Iranian journalist Hadi Nili, who for years has been harassed and interrogated by the intelligence ministry’s agents, has remained in Turkey for more than two years and has not been able to reach freedom.
Behrooz Samad Beigi has been living in a worrying condition for more than 13 months.
Hamid Mafi and his wife, Maryam Akbari, have been living in terrible conditions for more than 10 months and have been threatened on numerous occasions.
Ehsanollah Mehrabi and his wife have been exiled to a village near Syria and their situation is very worrying.
Mehdi Tajik Ghashghaei, one of the seasoned Iranian journalists, must wait until July 2013 for his first UN interview.
Alireza Firouzi, a young tireless human rights activist has to wait until February 2013 for his case to be heard by UN officials.
Farhad Nouri Koochi, a human rights activist and an active member of the Nematollahi Gonabadi Dervishes, entered Van in Turkey on 21 September 2011. His first interview was scheduled for 16 December 2011; however, due to the earthquake in Van, his interview was cancelled. Unfortunately, Mr. Koochi still has not heard anything from UNHCR regarding the rescheduling of his interview date.
Let me emphasise again. If we are able to defend the rights of journalists and human rights activist, we should defend them wherever and whenever we can. Today these people need our help. I ask you to help these people by transferring them to a safe country and improving their situation, so that they can continue to help improve the situation of their people.with much gratitude Mohammad Mostafaei Human Rights Lawyer and Activist ************************************** Universal Tolerance Organisation: 06 June 2012
Enduring America, Scott Lucas: 07 June 2012
UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in IranOffice of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Palais des Nations CH-1211 Geneva 10 Switzerland firstname.lastname@example.org Further inquires can also be directed to : Mr. Naveed Ahmed — Tel. +41 22 928 9477 / email: email@example.com Rose Parris Richter (Tel. +1 917 226 4551/ email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.ohchr.org/
TODAY’S ZAMAAN – 24 May 2012
Shaheed, a former foreign minister of the Maldives, was selected by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2011 as a neutral party to investigate human rights violations in Iran and to write an official report based on the findings.
At the end of March of this year, he presented to the UN Human Rights Council findings from the first eight months of his investigation, reporting that the Iranian authorities are increasingly disregarding human rights and arbitrarily imprisoning human rights defenders, journalists, political activists and trade unionists. Furthermore, the number of executions has skyrocketed.
However, Shaheed has had to carry out his investigation from outside Iran since the Iranian authorities have not been cooperative. Because the Iranian government has not permitted the special rapporteur to visit the country, Shaheed had official visits to three European countries, France, Germany and Belgium, which host the Iranian diaspora.
However, human rights defenders note that Shaheed’s visit to Turkey would be crucial because Turkey hosts the most Iranian asylum seekers in the world.
“We don’t have access to Iran. Either we get information through the Internet or phone, or we go to the surrounding countries where there are Iranian refugees. Since 2009, Turkey has hosted the largest number of registered Iranian refugees and asylum-seekers in the world.
Iranians do not need a visa to come to Turkey,” said Faraz Sanei, a researcher on Iran at Human Rights Watch based in New York.
He noted that the number of Iranians seeking asylum in Turkey was 1,081 in 2009 and 2,881 in 2010, according to figures from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).
“We also have to remember that there are people who left Iran but have not actually registered with the UNHCR, and they are not counted in the figures we have,” he added.
Metin Çorabatır from the Turkey office of the UNHCR said there are currently 5,700 Iranians registered as refugees or asylum seekers in Turkey.
Hadi Ghaemi, director of the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, founded in 2008 and based in New York, claimed that Special Rapporteur Shaheed met with a Turkish official in September 2011 to discuss visiting Turkey on a fact-finding mission and interviewing Iranian refugees. He further claimed that Shaheed submitted a formal request to the Turkish government on May 7 for permission for such a mission.
“There is no justification for the Turkish government not to allow him to conduct such a fact-finding mission towards preparing Shaheed’s UN mandated report and I hope his request will be granted as soon as possible,” Ghaemi told Today’s Zaman.
Turkish Foreign Ministry officials did not confirm Ghaemi’s statements and Shaheed’s office does not comment on his official communications with governments as a matter of course for confidentiality reasons.
UN experts condemn harsh sentencing of rights defenders
A group of UN independent experts recently condemned the ongoing arrests and harsh sentencing of human rights defenders in Iran, and urged the Iranian government to ensure that rights defenders are not being targeted for carrying out their legitimate activities and are provided with adequate protection.
“The conviction and extremely harsh sentencing of human rights defenders is an indication of the mounting repression against the legitimate activities of human rights defenders and represents a serious setback for the protection of human rights in Iran,” said Special Rapporteur Shaheed.
The UN experts expressed particular concern about the situation of Nargess Mohammadi, whose state of health is reportedly extremely fragile. Mohammadi, former vice president of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre, founded by Nobel Laureate Shirin Ebadi, was rearrested on April 21 to resume a six-year prison sentence handed down by an Iranian appeal court for “assembly and collusion against national security, membership of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre, and propaganda against the regime.”
Other human rights defenders arrested or convicted for carrying out their legitimate work include individual activists such as Abdolfattah Soltani and Nasrin Sotoudeh, both lawyers who have represented many high-profile political and human rights activists.
In addition, Special Rapporteur Shaheed reported an “alarming increase” in executions taking place in Iran, from fewer than 100 in 2003, to 670 in 2011, many occurring after little or no due process.
Ghaemi, who was recently in Turkey to raise awareness about the human rights situation in Iran among Turkish society and with the government, added that Turkey has a big role to play.
“Since Turkey has access to the Iranian government, it could play a very constructive role in letting Iran know that its human rights violations are not acceptable, that its lack of cooperation with the UN is not acceptable. Turkey can really play an important role to bring about transitional change which is not abrupt and violent. Turkey can prevent that kind of outcome in countries like Syria and Libya,” he said.
Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights
“No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”
Rule 39, as an interim measure, has the power to require a State Party to refrain from removing an applicant to a country where he or she may be at real risk of a violation of his or her fundamental rights. This is of paramount importance in the context of those seeking asylum and fleeing persecution. As the President of the European Court of Human Rights has stated, “the application of Rule 39 has preserved the physical integrity, the liberty and even the lives of many people who by definition are vulnerable”, values which lie at the very core of the European Convention on Human Rights. [simplified version]
This report offers qualitative legal research on the current practice surrounding Rule 39 interim measures in the field of asylum and expulsion. It examines the experiences of lawyers in submitting Rule 39 requests and where appropriate, the European Court of Human Rights‟ response and the compliance of Member States of the Council of Europe to these measures. The rationale behind this research is firstly to explore the fact that an increasing number of Rule 39 requests are being submitted to the Court but only from a certain number of Council of Europe State Parties and secondly to gain a better understanding as to the application of Rule 39 of the Rules of the Court.
As States representatives from all Council of Europe State Parties gather together in Brighton from 18-20 April 2012 to discuss possible reforms to the European Court of Human Rights, ECRE calls upon all Contracting Parties to focus primarily on effective national implementation of the Convention and the proper execution of the Court’s judgments by State Parties.
ECRE and ELENA’s new research report offers qualitative legal research on the current practice surrounding Rule 39 interim measures in the field of asylum and expulsion. It examines the experiences of lawyers in submitting Rule 39 requests and where appropriate, the European Court of Human Rights’ response and the compliance of Member States of the Council of Europe to these measures. Where appropriate, recommendations have been made to the organs of the Council of Europe, legal representatives and to Member States to improve the functioning of this essential legal tool and to ensure access to effective legal remedies within State Parties themselves.read more – here is the full report by ECRE and ELENA
Through the story of an Afghan asylum seeker who won a historic victory at the European Court of Human Rights, this film shines a new light on the consequences of migration policies in the crisis-affected country of Greece.
“Dublin’s Trap” gives an equal voice to politicians, intellectuals, activists, immigrants, and extremists. This approach highlights how austerity measures, combined with an unprecedented influx of immigrants, foster racial tensions, increased nationalism, and a humanitarian crisis at Europe’s external borders.
Further aggravating the situation is an uneven EU repatriation mechanism known as Dublin II.
Directed by Bryan Carter & Sean Carter
Research Supervisor: Angeliki Katsoulaki
Written and narrated by Bryan Carter
Director of photography: Sean Carter
Sound: John-Patrick Goffin
Editing: Youri Van Cutsem & Sean Carter
see also – the judgment by the European Court of Human Rights :
Friday, 21 January 2011