SOS auf dem Mittelmeer – Europa schaut weg

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 Faschisten terrorisieren Seenotretter auf dem Mittelmeer. Europa schaut zu.

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Verfahren gegen “Iuventa” Beweise mit Schönheitsfehlern

Tagesschau, 7.8.2017, Jan-Christoph Kitzler

 

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Gutachten: EU darf Seenotretter nicht bremsen

Die Europäische Union will Flüchtlingshelfern einen Verhaltenskodex auferlegen. Wissenschaftler des Bundestags halten das für kaum durchsetzbar.

DerTagesspiegel – 09.08.2017 

 

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Wissenschaftliche Dienste – Deutscher Bundestag

 

31. Juli 2017 – Sachstand: Der italienische Verhaltenskodex für private Seenotretter im Mittelmeer    Völkerrechtliche Aspekte

31. Juli 2017 – Sachstand: Der italienische Verhaltenskodex für private Seenotretter im Mittelmeer    Völker-, europa- und strafrechtliche Aspekte

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Pressemitteilungen von Andrej Hunko -Dienstag, 08. August 2017

Wissenschaftlicher Dienst: EU kann keinen „Verhaltenskodex“ für Seenotretter erlassen

Das neue Gutachten zur Rechtsverbindlichkeit des italienischen Verhaltenskodex nach Maßgabe des Unionsrechts

 

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Dr. Heribert Prantl – Süddeutsche Zeitung – 3 Aug 2017

Wenn Flüchtlinge in Not sind – soll dann geltendes Recht nicht gelten?

 

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English translation published by Euronews – 03 Aug 2017 :

 

Italy’s CODE OF CONDUCT FOR NGOs UNDERTAKING ACTIVITIES IN MIGRANTS’ RESCUE OPERATIONS AT SEA 

 

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statewatch.org – July 2017

Code of Conduct for NGOs involved in Migrants’ Rescue Operations at Sea

 

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La Repubblica – 31 July 2017

Il codice di comportamento per le organizzazioni non governative stilato del ministero dell’Interno per il salvataggio dei migranti in mare

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06 July 2017 – from Tallinn – La Stampa:

Salvataggi in mare: ecco il codice Ue per le Ong

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3 July 2017 – Tallinn meeting – European Commission:

Joint declaration by Commissioner Avramopoulos and the Ministers of Interior of France, Germany and Italy

Press release: Central Mediterranean Route: Commission proposes Action Plan to support Italy, reduce pressure and increase solidarity

 

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Solidaritätserklärung – zur Unterzeichnung

 

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related:

Der Kodex der Zwietracht

Save and Rescue in the Mediterranean – SAR NGOs

Monthly SAR activity in Central Mediterranean, by type of rescuer (through March 2017)

Lampedusa – Refugees – EU –

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Was du nicht willst, dass man dir tu …

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„Was du nicht willst, dass man dir tu, das füg auch keinem andern zu.“

oder positiv formuliert:
„Behandle andere so, wie du von ihnen behandelt werden willst.“
das ist in allen Kulturen die Goldene Regel des miteinander Auskommens und der Ursprung des christlichen Gebotes:
Liebe Deinen Nächsten, wie Dich selbst.
‘die Anderen’ sind unser eigenes Spiegelbild, Menschen, wie Du oder ich selbst.

Jeder, der Geflüchtete in Lager zu sperren beabsichtigt, sollte sich zumindest vorstellen, er selbst sei der Geflüchtete. Dann wird er wissen, wie er dazu zu stehen hat.

 

 

Manching-Ingolstadt Foto Bayerischer Flüchtlingsrat

Pro Asyl – 12 Juli 2017

Lagerpflicht für alle: Bayern will Flüchtlinge isolieren

Asylrecht – NGOs in Deutschland

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Migrationsrecht.net – Informationsportal zum Ausländerrecht

bietet Juristen, Rechtsanwälten, Journalisten und auch Rechtssuchenden mit seinem Experten-Netzwerk umfangreiche Informationen sowie aktuelle News aus dem gesamten Bereich des europäischen und deutschen Migrationsrechts

 

ELENA INDEX -May 2016 – 

useful adresses for refugees in Europe sorted by country

 

Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration – Asyl.net

Der Informationsverbund Asyl und Migration e.V. ist ein Zusammenschluss von in der Flüchtlings- und Migrationsarbeit aktiven Organisationen, bietet u.a. Adressen, thematische Ratgeber, Gerichtsentscheidungen und

Informationen für die ehrenamtliche Unterstützung von Flüchtlingen

Informationen zum Verfahren der Familienzusammenführung

Familienzusammenführung innerhalb Europas

Familienzusammenführung ausserhalb Europas

Hinweise für Asylsuchende zum Ablauf der Anhörung/Interview beim BAMF in Albanisch, Arabisch, BosnischDeutschEnglisch, Farsi-DariFranzösischKurdisch (Kurmandschi)Russisch, TigrinischTürkisch, Ukrainisch, Urdu

Country of Origin Information Network – ecoi.net

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL)

 

 

Die Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft PRO ASYL

ist ein Zusammmenschluss von Mitarbeitenden aus Kirchen, Gewerkschaften, Wohlfahrts- und Menschenrechtsorganisationen und landesweiten Flüchtlingsräten. Sie verbindet die Überzeugung, dass es die Pflicht einer demokratischen und humanen Gesellschaft ist, Flüchtlinge und verfolgte Menschen zu schützen. Sie wurde 1986 gegründet.

 

Die jeweiligen Landes-Flüchtlingsräte 

sind unabhängige untereinander vernetzte  Vertretungen der Flüchtlingsselbstorganisationen, Unterstützungsgruppen und Solidaritätsinitiativen  in den einzelnen Bundesländern. Sie koordinieren und begleiten Initiativen vor Ort, halten Kontakt zu Betroffenen und verfügen in vielen Fragen über das Wissen, wie konkret geholfen werden kann.

Flüchtlingsrat Baden-Württemberg e.V.

Bayerischer Flüchtlingsrat   mit Asylhelfer.Bayern

Flüchtlingsrat Berlin e.V.    mit  Netzwerk “Berlin Hilft”

Flüchtlingsrat Brandenburg

Flüchtlingsrat Bremen

Flüchtlingsrat Hamburg e.V.

Hessischer Flüchtlingsrat

Flüchtlingsrat Mecklenburg-Vorpommern e.V.

Niedersächsischer Flüchtlingsrat e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat NRW e.V. 

Arbeitskreis Asyl Rheinland-Pfalz

Saarländischer Flüchtlingsrat e.V.

Sächsischer Flüchtlingsrat e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat Sachsen-Anhalt e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat Schleswig-Holstein e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat Thüringen e.V.

 

Dachverband der Refugee Law Clinics in Deutschland

ist der Zusammenschluss studentischer Rechtsberatungen auf dem Gebiet des Migrationrechts. sie bieten persönliche Betreuung, sind oft die ersten Anlaufstellen  für diejenigen, die sich eine anwaltliche Beratung nicht leisten können, aber sie ersetzen nicht den Rechtsanwalt.

 

Handbuch  

der Asylsozialberatung des Caritaszentrums im Landkreis Ebersberg für Professionelle und Ehrenamtliche in der Flüchtlingshilfe

 

Welcome2Europe  w2eu.info

-ar معلومات مستقلة للآجئين و المهاجرين القادمين الى اوروبا

-fa  اطلاعات مستقل برای پناهندگان و مهاجران آینده در اروپا

-fr Informations indépendantes pour réfugiés et migrants arrivant en Europe

-en Independent information for refugees and migrants coming to Europe

 

Jesuiten-Flüchtlingsdienst Deutschland – Jesuit Refugee Service – (JRS)

Unserem Auftrag entsprechend begleiten und unterstützen wir Flüchtlinge und Migranten und treten für ihre Rechte ein, mit eigenem Büro in Berlin und München

 

 Bundesfachverband unbegleitete minderjährige Flüchtlinge (BumF)

Willkommensbroschüre – Ein Wegbegleiter für unbegleitete Minderjährige

Leitfaden für Fachkräfte zur Situation geflüchteter junger Volljähriger im Übergang

 

Netzwerk Flüchtlingsforschung

ist ein multi-disziplinäres Netzwerk von Wissenschaftlern und Wissenschaftlerinnen in Deutschland die zu Zwangsmigration, Flucht und Asyl forschen sowie internationaler Wissenschaftler und Wissenschaftlerinnen die diese Themen mit Bezug zu Deutschland untersuchen.

Hanif Hidarnejad – über Asylrecht – persisch – پناهندگی/ اقامت 

Sozialarbeiter und Psychosozialberater bei der Medizinischen Flüchtlingshilfe Bochum e.V.; Mitbegründung und Mitarbeit bei der persischsprachigen Homepage „Integrationsforum der IranerInnen in Deutschland“

 

Integrationsforum der IranerInnen in Deutschland

mit Informationen über Aufenthalt, Rechtsfragen, Integration

 

Save and Rescue in the Mediterranean – SAR NGOs

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this collection below  is dedicated to the SAR  NGOs risking their own lives to rescue the souls of children, women and men from drowning in the sea – I want to and I feel the need to thank them for defending  Human Rights.

Their operations wouldn’t be necessary if there was a #SafePassage or #SafeAndLegalRoutes

-last updated end July 2017 –

petition en/de:

End EU-financed violence against refugees and migrants by the Libyan Coastguard!

EU-finanzierte Gewalt gegen Flüchtende durch Libysche Küstenwache beenden!

 

Proactiva Open Arms

is a non-governmental organization from Badalona/Catalonia (north Barcelona, Spain) whose main mission is to rescue refugees from the sea that arrive in Europe fleeing wars, persecution or poverty. Born from a rescue and first aid at sea company with extensive experience in the Spanish coasts.
Founded on 16 September 2015

ships: ASTRAL, GolfoAzzurro

 

 

Salvamento Marítimo Humanitario (SMH)

We are a group of people linked to the emergencies, who is involved in tasks of sea-watch, rescue and health care. In response to the humanitarian crisis in the Aegean Sea (Greece) in November 2015, we created the Humanitarian Maritime Rescue Association (SMH in Spanish) to help and assist people who find no other way than risking their lives by crossing the sea.  Our aim is to preserve the lives of people under the principles of volunteerism, solidarity, humanity, universality, equality, impartiality and dignity. Today, in addition to the ground actions and training of our volunteers, we do also carry out awareness campaigns on Human Rights

 

 

International Maritime Rescue Federation – IMRF 

is the international charity focussed on preventing loss of life in the world’s waters. We work with Government and Non-Government SAR Organisations to achieve this.

We now have 112 organisations in 48 countries paying a subscription as members of the IMRF and working together to reduce the loss of life. The membership includes Maritime Rescue Coordination Centres, Coast Guards and Volunteer response organisations.

 

Jugend Rettet e.V.

We’re young people who collect donations for sea rescue. With our ship IUVENTA we rescue people in maritime emergency on the Mediterranean. Support us!
As young Europeans we cannot – and don’t want to – accept the status quo of the European asylum policies. Of the political actors we demand to ease the distress of refugees and to offer practical help. We need a program focussing on rescue from maritime emergency and we need to decriminalise the seek for asylum and refugees.
Instead people are kept away from ‘Fortress Europe’ by newly built walls and are generally restricted in their mobility – we oppose those measures.

 

 

Sea-Eye.org 

Der Verein Sea-Eye e.V. hat sich  der Aufgabe der Seenotrettung verschrieben.
Dafür wurden zwei 26 Meter lange ehemalige Fischkutter gekauft.
Die hochseetauglichen Schiffe “Sea-Eye” und “Seefuchs” wurden für den Zweck der Seenotrettung umgerüstet und sind nun auf Fahrt vor der libyschen Küste, wo sich die meisten Flüchtlinge auf ihrer lebensgefährlichen „Reise“ befinden.
Primäres Ziel wird dabei sein, die Menschen überhaupt erst einmal zu finden, SOS abzusetzen und eine professionelle Hilfe einzuleiten.
Bis dahin besteht die Aufgabe in der Überlebenssicherung der Flüchtlinge, soweit irgend möglich.

Buschheuer May 2016: ” ..We have an organisation which rescues people in distress from the sea. Full stop. That is all we wish to do. We all have in common that we do not want to let people drown.. ”

 

Sea-Watch e.V.

was founded as a non-governmental organisation 19 of May 2015 and is formally registered as a non-profit organisation in Berlin.

Since the year 2000 more than 23.000 people died trying to reach Europe’s shores. After the end of the Mare Nostrum operation in the Mediterranean Sea three business partners from Germany decided to found the nonprofit NGO Sea-Watch e.V. We are acting politically, economically and religiously independently

Ships: Sea-Watch 1, Sea-Watch 2

 

Save The Children

2016 was the deadliest year on record for those crossing the Mediterranean Sea. Right now, children are fleeing bullets, poverty, persecution and the growing impact of climate change, only to drown in European waters. In 2016, Save the Children was able to rescue 435 children at sea because of the generosity of supporters like you. This year, Save the Children’s ship, the Vos Hestia, is once again operating out of its port in Sicily — fully equipped to save the lives of innocent migrants and refugees.

 

 

Humanitarian Pilots Initiative

Humanitarian Pilots Initiative (HPI) ist eine Schweizer Initiative von engagierten Piloten und Supportern, die ihre Fähigkeiten für humanitäre Zwecke einsetzen – unabhängig von Politik, Religion, Ethnie oder Nationalität.

SEENOTRETTUNG:  Gemäss dem UNO-Flüchtlingshilfswerk UNHCR ertranken im Jahr 2016 über 5000 Menschen bei ihrer Flucht im Mittelmeer. Boote in desolaten Zuständen, fehlende Navigationsmöglichkeiten und zu spät eintreffende Rettungskräfte sind unter anderem die Ursachen für Flüchtlingsdramen, wie sie mehrfach dokumentiert sind. Um das Flüchtlingssterben einzudämmen, engagieren sich rund um das Mittelmeer verschiedene staatliche und zivile Hilfsorganisationen. In diesem Kontext übernimmt HPI die Aufgabe der zivilen Luftaufklärung.

 

 

SOS MEDITERRANEE

ist eine europäische Nichtregierungsorganisation zur Rettung Schiffbrüchiger im Mittelmeer.

Sie hat sich 2015 auf Initiative von Handelsschiffkapitän Klaus Vogel und der Leiterin humanitärer Projekte, Sophie Beau, gegründet.
Seit Februar 2016 ist sie gemeinsam mit Ärzte ohne Grenzen mit dem Rettungsschiff Aquarius im Mittelmeer im Einsatz. Bis Mitte Februar ist SOS MEDITERRANEE über 13.oo0 Menschen zur Hilfe gekommen.

Die Aquarius ist als ziviles Rettungsschiff den gesamten Winter über im Einsatz und rettet Menschen aus akuter Seenot. Die gemeinnützige Organisation finanziert sich ausschließlich durch Spenden.

 

 

Human Rights at Sea

Independent Research, Investigation and Advocacy for Maritime Human Rights Our Mission: To explicitly raise awareness, implementation and accountability of human rights provisions throughout the maritime environment, especially where they are currently absent, ignored or being abused. Our Vision: To become a leading independent maritime human rights platform. Human Rights at Sea is a Registered Charity in England and Wales

 

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International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)

This 1979 Convention .. was aimed at developing an international SAR plan, so that, no matter where an accident occurs, the rescue of persons in distress at sea will be co-ordinated by a SAR organization and, when necessary, by co-operation between neighbouring SAR organizations.

IOM – January 2015: RESCUE AT SEA  –

A GUIDE TO PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE AS APPLIED TO REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS

published in February 2017 by Human Rights at Sea

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 Migrant Offshore Aid Station –  MOAS

We believe that no one deserves to die at sea – and we are working hard to ensure that no one does.

In the past two decades, tens of thousands of men, women and children – mostly refugees escaping violence, persecution and hardship – have lost their lives at sea while searching for a better life.

We are proud to have rescued over 30,000 people from the world’s deadliest maritime migration routes.

Established in response to the humanitarian disaster in October 2013, in which some 400 men, women and children drowned off the island of Lampedusa, MOAS has grown rapidly. Our rescue operations are carried out by professional search and rescue officers, operations specialists, and post-rescue care providers, while a team of skilled professionals in fundraising, communications and development oversee administration.

expedition vessels  Phoenix, Topaz Responder

 

 

Boat Refugee Foundation / Stichting Bootvluchteling

sailed the international waters between Libya and Italy with a rescue ship [GolfoAzzurro] for six weeks in 2016. In this period, we rescued more than 1,500 children and adults from drowning in the sea.
During our rescue mission, we strictly operated on behalf of the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) in Rome – the government agency coordinating the rescue missions. It is a legal requirement and part of good seamanship to offer help to people in need at sea. Not helping is not an option. We are aware of the rumors about possible contacts and illegal transports between refugees and the ships of NGOs. However, since we operated our rescue missions strictly through the MRCC, we were not confronted with this type of contacts.

Starting in 2017, our mission focus will be on professionalizing our medical and psychosocial aid in the refugee camps on Samos and Lesbos. Therefore, we will not organize rescue operations on the Mediterranean Sea but instead provide essential aid at the refugee camps. Throughout the course of 2017, we will continuously evaluate the aid that is needed for boat refugees and if necessary, we will consider to relaunch a rescue operation mission again together with the MRCC.

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Médecins Sans Frontières- Ärzte ohne Grenzen MSF

Jedes Jahr versuchen Hunderttausende Menschen auf der Flucht vor Gewalt, Unsicherheit und Verfolgung in ihren Heimatländern nach Europa zu gelangen. Auf der gefährlichen Reise über Nordafrika und das Mittelmeer verlieren dabei unzählige ihr Leben. Die europäische Politik führt zu einer dramatischen Verschärfung dieser so genannten Flüchtlingskrise. Die Menschen werden zur gefährlichen Flucht über das Mittelmeer gedrängt. Dort starben 2016 mehr als 5.000 Menschen. Um Leben zu retten, organisiert Ärzte ohne Grenzen Such- und Rettungsaktionen. Im letzten Jahr haben wir so über 30.000 Menschen in Seenot geholfen.

vessels Dignity 1, Bourbon Argos, Aquarius

 

Hellenistic Rescue Team

Who we are : Hellenic Rescue Team is a non-governmental organization, whose members participate in Search and Rescue missions on a voluntary basis since 1994.

The aims of the Organization are mainly: to provide assistance to the community in the form of humanitarian missions, first aid, life support, risk prevention, preparedness and training in research, rescue in Greece and abroad ..

ships “Nansen”, “Odin”, “Europe” and “Aegean

 

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BLAMING THE RESCUERS

Aiming to deter migrants from crossing the Mediterranean, the EU and its member states pulled back from rescue at sea at the end of 2014, leading to record numbers of deaths. Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) were forced to deploy their own rescue missions in a desperate attempt to fill this gap and reduce casualties. Today, NGOs are under attack, wrongly accused of ‘colluding with smugglers’, ‘constituting a pull-factor’ and ultimately endangering migrants. This report refutes these accusations through empirical analysis. It is written to avert a looming catastrophe: if NGOs are forced to stop or reduce their operations, many more lives will be lost to the sea.

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very strange accusations made by Tyler Durden on 5 December 2016
NGOs are smuggling immigrants into Europe on an industrial scale
based on an article published on Gefira on 4 December 2016
NGOs are smuggling immigrants into Europe on an industrial scale  including a comment by Hans Peter Buscheuer from Sea-Eye – and (that was fascinating) showing details by most vessels used by the SAR NGOs on Marine Traffic

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Monitor – 15.06.2017

Aggressiv und rücksichtlos: Das brutale Vorgehen der libyschen Küstenwache

der Beitrags-Text als pdf

 

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08 March 2017  -University of Oxford:

“.. In this post, we present analyses from a number of new and recent data sources on migrant arrivals and migrant deaths, covering the period between 2010 and 2016. ..”

Border Deaths in the Mediterranean: What We Can Learn from the Latest Data

 

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19 June 2017 – Human Rights Watch:

EU: Shifting Rescue to Libya Risks Lives

 

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16 MAY 2017  –

no evidence against the NGOs was found:

Senato della Republicca [The Senate of the Republic] Document approved by the 4th Permanent Commission at the end of the survey on the contribution of Italian military forces to the control of migratory flows in the Mediterranean and the impact of the activities of non-governmental organizations

Doc conclusivo 4a C.p.su controllo flussi migratori mediterraneo, attività ONG

the full document DOC. XVII, N. 9  as pdf

 

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27.06 2017 – Tagesschau -Faktenfinder


Keine Beweise für Vorwürfe gegen NGO

 

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Forensic Architecture (FA) is a research agency, based at Goldsmiths, University of London, that undertakes advanced architectural and media research on behalf of international prosecutors, human rights organisations, as well as political and environmental justice groups.

report “The Left-to-Die Boat” proving there is no ‘pull-factor’ by the #SAR_NGOs

 

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02 Juli 2017 – Forschungsgesellschaft Flucht & Migration

 

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Familiennachzug – family reunification – Griechenland-Deutschland

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Petition von ProAsyl


human rights lawyer in Greece:

Electra Leda Koutra on FB

03 June 2017

Preparing, in the context of a pending case, an informative note for the ECtHR, on the political decision between Greece and Germany to halt the transfer of refugees who should be reunified with their family members in other EU countries. This decision is taken in knowledge that it breaches the human rights of thousands. Refugees awaiting family reunification with their relatives in Germany for more than 6 months, should communicate with Pleiades legal team for refugee protection at pleiadeslegal@gmail.com  .

16 June 2017 (1)

ECtHR rejects the interim measure request of 2 Syrians who live in squats with newborn babies and whose “take charge” by Germany has exceeded 6 months (time-limit within which they should have been transferred). On the same day (of the rejection), they are called to travel to Germany.

This reveals a new chapter of arbitrariness, though, as the travel agency, to which the asylum service refers the asylum-seeking mothers
1) informs them that they have to buy their own tickets, because “the funds have expired and will possibly be restored in September”. if they don’t bring the money today, they (are told they) will have to wait till September to see what will happen then.
2) charges much higher prices (more than 15 %) than what the airline does for the same tickets, same flight (i checked it on-line), and buys a specific expensive kind of tickets, ONLY (flex, with baggage)
3) does not give a receipt for the money received (more than 1000 euros for these two cases)

Travel Agency has received an inquiry. If I don’t get a prompt answer, the Prosecutor will be relatively informed…

PS Officially, transfer is funded 25% by Greece and 75% by the EU. There is no public information that “funds are over” (on the contrary).
If transfer doesn’t take place within 6 months from the acceptance by Germany to “take charge” of the examination of the asylum claim, then, according to Dublin III, Germany is considered as no longer responsible to receive the applicants..

16 June 2017 (2)

Very interesting info coming out as regards Dublin family reunification transfers… Travel agency has orders (by Ministry – Asylum Service) for 70 transfers to Germany per month. Not even ONE more. If the refugees are accepted to fly in July, they have to buy the tickets themselves since Greece was allegedly late in procuring the next electronic contest and no new contract with travel agencies is going to be signed before end of July (their current mandate expiring end of June).

Around 2500 should be moved to their families in Germany. 70 per month “ceiling” makes us 420 in 6 months. If 6 months pass, Germany can refuse to take them. The “take charge” is no longer valid.
It is confirmed that my 2 clients (who accidentally were accepted on the day their interim measure request was rejected) “should not normally be flying now” (!), as the 6 month time limit has expired for them. They got “special orders to include them in the 70 of July”. In case of 6 month time limit’ s expiry (counting starts on the date Germany accepted to have them), the Greek Asylum Service makes A NEW -uncertain- take charge request to Germany, the latter being in a position to accept or decline what would otherwise be obligatory to it…

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19.05.2017 – ProAsyl

Dublin-Familienzusammenführung: Innenministerium deckelt letzte legale Wege

 

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30.05.2017 – ProAsyl

Mouzalas-Brief bestätigt Vereinbarung zur Deckelung von Familienzusammenführung aus Griechenland

Ein öffentlich gewordenes Schreiben des griechischen Migrationsminister Iannis Mouzalas an Bundesinnenminister de Maizière vom 4. Mai 2017 zeigt: Entgegen der Angaben des Bundesinnenministeriums (BMI) und Regierungssprecher Dimroth verweist Mouzalas auf eine Vereinbarung, in der unmissverständlich eine Deckelung der Familienzusammenführungen nach der Dublin III-Verordnung festgelegt wurde.

4 May 2017

letter by Greek Minister Ioannis Mouzalas to German Minister Thomas de Maizière


OHCHR – United Nations – Human Rights – Office of the High Commissioner:

Convention on the Rights of the Child


Asylum in Europe – info — پناهندگی در اروپا

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The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) 

is an online database containing case law from 20 European states interpreting refugee and asylum law as well as from the CJEU and ECtHR. EDAL summarises relevant case law in English and the Member State’s national language and provides a link to, and/or pdf. of, the full text of the original judgment where available.

EDAL was created through funding from European Commission’s European Refugee Fund. Its creation was coordinated by the Irish Refugee Council in partnership with the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE); the Hungarian Helsinki Committee (HHC) also joined as partners during the second phase of development. EDAL’s objective is to strengthen the development of harmonized standards of protection within the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and, in particular, to increase consistency and quality in the interpretation and application of CEAS legislation.

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Country Overviews on EDAL Resources

The Country Overviews for Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom have been taken from the Asylum Information Database (AIDA)The reports cover asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention of asylum seekers and are regularly updated. AIDA is a project of the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE), in partnership with Forum Refugiés-Cosi, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee and the Irish Refugee Council.

EDAL Country Overviews for the Czech Republic, Finland, Slovenia, Slovakia and Spain were prepared by the National Experts who completed the Case Summaries with the input of the ELENA national coordinators. The overviews provide information on the legal framework of the relevant countries asylum system.

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European Commission Migration and Home Affairs

“One of the EU’s fundamental objectives is to create an area of free movement where the rights and security of both EU citizens and non-EU nationals are guaranteed. Our aim is to ensure that people may undertake in a stable, lawful and secure environment all activities (cultural, social and economic) that further the EU’s growth. Our work is guided by multiannual work programmes, the current Stockholm Programme covering the period 2010-14.”

agencies

FRONTEX: EU external borders agency

EUROPOL: The European Police Office

CEPOL: The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training

EMCDDA: The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

EASO: The European Asylum Support Office including the COI [Country of Origin] portal

EACEA: Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

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welcome to europe –w2eu.info

new including regular updates: live.w2eu.info

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Asylum Information DATABASE

The overall goal of the database is to contribute to the improvement of asylum policies and practices in European Union and 3 non-EU countries (Switzerland, Serbia, Turkey). and the situation of asylum seekers by providing all relevant actors with appropriate tools and information to support their advocacy and litigation efforts, both at the national and European level. These objectives are carried out by AIDA through the following activities:

Country reports: AIDA contains national reports documenting asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention and content of international protection in 20 countries. The 2016 update of the country reports has been completed and an overview of country developments may be found here.

Comparative reports: AIDA comparative reports provide a thorough comparative analysis of practice relating to the implementation of asylum standards across the countries covered by the database, in addition to an overview of statistical asylum trends and a discussion of key developments in asylum and migration policies in Europe. Annual reports were published in 20132014 and 2015. This year, AIDA comparative reports are published in the form of thematic updates, focusing on the individual themes covered by the database. Thematic reports have been published on reception (March 2016), asylum procedures (September 2016) and content of protection (March 2017).

Comparator: The Comparator allows users to compare legal frameworks and practice between the countries covered by the database in relation to the core themes covered: asylum procedure, reception, detention, and soon content of protection. The different sections of the Comparator define key concepts of the EU asylum acquis and outline their implementation in practice.

Fact-finding visits: AIDA includes the development of fact-finding visits to further investigate important protection gaps established through the country reports, and a methodological framework for such missions. The first fact-finding visit was conducted in December 2014 in Greece and focussed on the reception conditions in the First Reception Centre of Fylakio. A second fact-finding visit in Hungary was conducted in September-October 2015, focusing on the Röszke transit zone at the Serbian border and on issues relating to asylum detention and the criminalisation of irregular entry. A third fact-finding visit was conducted in Austria in early December 2015, looking at registration and the unavailability of accommodation as barriers to access the asylum procedure. A fourth fact-finding visit took place in Croatia at the end of November 2016, to document developments relating to access to the territory and the treatment of Dublin returnees.

Legal briefings: Legal briefings aim to bridge AIDA research with evidence-based legal reasoning and advocacy. With the assistance of information gathered from country reports, these short papers identify and analyse key issues in EU asylum law and policy and identify potential protection gaps in the asylum acquis. Legal briefings so far cover: (1) Dublin detention; (2) asylum statistics; (3) safe countries of origin; (4) procedural rights in detention; (5) age assessment of unaccompanied children; (6) residence permits for beneficiaries of international protection; (7) the length of asylum procedures; (8) travel documents for beneficiaries of international protection; (9) a statistical update on the Dublin system; and (10) accelerated procedures.

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ELENA Index – May 2016 –

useful adresses for refugees in europe sorted by country

co-ordinated by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)

Afghanistan is not safe – افغانستان امن نیست

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info provided via  European Commission Migration and Home Affairs

25 May 2017 – Afghanistan – Response to COI Query

A report issued by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction in April 2017 states: “The United Nations (UN) Secretary-General reported in March that Afghanistan’s security situation has worsened over the last quarter, with intensifying armed clashes between the Afghan security forces and the Taliban, and with notablehigh-profileattacks by insurgent and extremist groups. Security incidents throughout 2016 and continuing into the first quarter of 2017 reached their highest level since UN reporting began in 2007

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Stellungnahme zur Beschaffung einer neuen oder verlorenen afghanischen TAZKIRA vom Ausland aus.

Diese Stellungnahme dient zum Informationsaustausch zwischen Anwältinnen, Anwälten und ehrenamtlich Helfenden.
Stand 08. Mai 2017 – Maria Kalin (Rechtsanwältin, Passau)
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via Bayerischer Flüchtlingsrat

Im Folgenden finden Sie eine Auswahl an Links zu Handreichungen mit spezifischen Informationen zur Situation afghanischer Geflüchteter. Bitte beachten sie, dass diese Informationen keine Beratung durch eine Rechtsanwältin oder einen Rechtsanwalt im Asyl- und Ausländerrecht ersetzen

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via Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration asylnet

Themenschwerpunkt “Afghanistan”

Themenschwerpunkt aus der Zeitschrift “Asylmagazin” 3 / 2017 mit diesen Beiträgen:

Zur humanitären Situation von Rückkehrenden und deren Chancen auf familiäre Unterstützung; S. 73 – 81

zu Bedrohungen im sozialen Alltag Afghanistans (fehlender Schutz vor Verfolgung und Gewalt durch private Akteure); S. 82 – 89

Hinweise für die Beratungspraxis bei Sammelabschiebungen von Deutschland nach Afghanistan S. 90 – 93

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17 February 2017

Afghan migration to Europe by Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN)

Recent images of migrants freezing in the cold in Greece and Serbia have made disturbing world headlines. Many of those stranded are part of the wave of Afghan migration to Europe, which gained a momentum in early 2015 and has resulted in about 250,000 Afghans arriving in Europe since then. In the past two years, AAN has produced a series of research-informed analysis on Afghan migration to Europe that has looked at the reasons why some Afghans are leaving their country; the routes they take and the risks they experience on what is for most a perilous journey to Europe; what is Afghan government policy on migration; and numbers and statistics. This dossier brings together all AAN publications on Afghan migration to Europe in one place for a much needed background read..

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09 November 2016:

EASO publishes a Country of Origin Information report on security situation in Afghanistan

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report entitled ‘Afghanistan security situation’. The report is a second update of the version first published in February 2015 and provides a comprehensive overview of the security situation in Afghanistan, information relevant for the protection status determination of Afghan asylum seekers. Until the end of September 2016, Afghanistan ranked 2nd in the top countries of origin in EU+ countries, with more than 153,000 applicants. In addition, the Afghan applications constitute the largest backlog of all countries of origin. By the end of September 2016, there were more than 230,000 pending asylum applications from Afghan nationals in the EU+.

This COI report represents a second update on the security situation in Afghanistan. The report was co-drafted by researchers from the national asylum authorities of Austria, Belgium, France, Hungary and Poland in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. Researchers from Greece and Slovakia did supportive research and the report was reviewed and commented upon by COI researchers from Austria, Canada, EASO, Finland, Ireland and UNHCR.

The ‘Afghanistan security situation’ report provides a general description of the security situation in Afghanistan, covering the following topics: a brief historic overview; actors in the conflict; security trends and armed confrontations, description of tactics and arms used; state ability to secure law and order; impact of the violence on the civilian population; and the geographical overview of the security situation. The report also provides a description of the security situation for each of the 34 provinces and Kabul City. In these chapters, a general overview of the province is given, followed by a background on the conflict and actors in the province, and recent security trends including data on violent incidents, and qualitative information on the type of violence. Finally, a brief overview of violence-induced displacements is given. The reference period for the security report runs from 1 September 2015 until 31 August 2016.

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19 September 2016

EASO publishes COI report on recruitment by armed groups in Afghanistan

today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report entitled ‘Afghanistan – Recruitment by armed groups’. The report is an update of a previous report published in 2012 and provides an overview of recruitment practices of armed groups in Afghanistan, providing information relevant for protection status determination of Afghan asylum applicants. In the first seven months of 2016, Afghanistan ranked 2nd in the top countries of origin in EU+ countries. with a total of almost 110 239 applicants.
The EASO COI report on recruitment by armed groups in Afghanistan provides a description of the of recruitment practices in Afghanistan, by the insurgent factions of the Afghan Taliban, the Islamic State in Khorasan (IS) and the Hezb-e Islami group led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The report also looks into recruitment by the Afghan Local Police (ALP) and pro-government militias (PGM). In a last chapter, information is presented on the specific issue of under-age or child recruitment. This is a topic of particular concern since a high percentage of the Afghan asylum applicants in Europe concerns Unaccompanied Minors. Depending on the EU+ country, this percentage varies from 0 to 54 % and on average it is over 14 %.
The report was co-drafted by Cedoca, the COI unit of the Belgian Office of the Commissioner-General for Refugees and Stateless persons and EASO. The report was written in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology and presents information until 19 August 2016, stemming from publicly available sources and a series of interviews conducted with experts on the matter, named in the report. The report was reviewed by peers from EU Member States, by UNHCR, and by an expert from the Afghanistan Analysts Network.
The report describes the transition of the Taliban into a more conventional armed force since the withdrawal of foreign troops, as well as the establishment of a new Taliban mobile elite force, called qet’a. Furthermore, opinions of experts are presented on the traditional role of the tribe or family in the recruitment process. The Taliban are still an overwhelmingly Pashtun movement, but some episodes of Hazaras joining the Taliban’s ranks have been noted. The report covers the important topic of ‘forced recruitment’ by Taliban and IS, both insurgent groups but with a different ideology. Regarding recruitment by ALP and PGM, the report highlights the formal role of the local community council (shura) or local strongmen, but also problems related to this. Of particular concern is the recruitment of minors or children by all parties in the conflict. The report discusses the economic incentives, the role of schools or madrassas, the mechanisms to prevent underage recruitment in the Afghan National security forces, including age-verifications procedures, and how these mechanisms can fail.

ELENA Index – May 2016 –

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ELENA Index – May 2016 –

useful adresses for refugees in europe sorted by country

co-ordinated by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)

Abschiebung droht – was jetzt? اخراج

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info for refugees regarding deportation / اخراج اجبارى

-farsi/dari-

by welcome to europe – jan 2017

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der Flüchtlingsrat Nordrhein-Westfalen am 25.03.2017

Tipps bei bevorstehenden Abschiebungen nach Afghanistan

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Pro Asyl

Hinweise für afghanische Flüchtlinge und ihre Berater*innen – Jan 2017

Afghanistan: Kein sicheres Land für Flüchtlinge – Aug 2016

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aus dem Handbuch der Asylsozialberatung des Caritaszentrums im Landkreis Ebersberg zu Ablehnung Afghanistan  – Feb 2017

Drohende Abschiebungen und Umgang mit Ablehnungsbescheiden von Afghanen

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Bayerischer Flüchtlingsrat

“Information und Warnhinweise” Stand Mai 2017

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19. Juni 2017

Leitfaden der GEW Bayern zu Abschiebungen aus Schulen und Betrieben

Die Gewerkschaft Erziehung und Wissenschaft (GEW) Bayern hat in Zusammenarbeit mit Rechtsanwalt Hubert Heinhold (München) einen Leitfaden* erstellen lassen, der Beschäftigten im Bildungsbereich erläutert, welche Rechte und Pflichten sie im Falle einer Abschiebung von Personen aus ihren Einrichtungen haben.

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Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration asylnet

Heiko Habbe (Rechtsanwalt, fluchtpunkt Hamburg): “Sammelabschiebungen nach Afghanistan – Hinweise für die Beratungspraxis” S. 90 – 93
aus: Asylmagazin 3/2017